Biotensegrity is emerging as one of the most significant developments in human anatomy in recent years. With important ramifications for a wide range of medical practitioners including surgeons, bio-engineers and human movement specialists. Bespoke dissection techniques are providing a new vision and understanding of the continuity of the human form. A fresh look at the human fasciae highlights its role in providing continuous tension throughout its network. The term “Tensegrity” was coined by Buckminster Fuller combining the words ‘tension’ and ‘integrity’.
According to tensegrity principles, structures are stabilized by continuous tension (tensional + integrity = tensegrity) with discontinuous compression. There are two categories of tensegrity: prestressed and geodesic.
Presstressed tensegrity structures are formed from a series of discontinuous compression – resistance elements that are held within a web of continuous tension. The structure can be altered either by adjusting the amount of tensional prestress within the structure or by repositioning the compression – resistant elements.
The geodesic structures are stabilized through force triangulation. Geodesic structures are under prestress but differ from the prestressed tensegrity systems because the individual elements are capable of alternating between generating tensions or resisting compression, depending on how an outside force is applied to the structure.
Frans Bosch continues to highlight ‘Muscle Slack’ as an element of athletic development. Muscle slack has been identified within the concepts of force production and speed development in which the muscles and tendons go from slack to tension. When the muscle is not engaged the muscle is relaxed and dormant and has slack. When the muscle and tendons become tense they become high level force producers. Athletes need to minimize the time between the muscle slack and muscle tension to preform their skill movement pattern. Within baseball and softball that would highlight a hitters ability to engage their body in a tension manner to brace themselves for the ballistic action of hitting a ball.
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